Your guide to tax season for your IRA

We know tax season can be complicated. This article contains information specific to your IRA, so you know what to expect when it’s time to file your taxes.  

  1. Contribution limits 
  2. Contribution deadline/window 
  3. What is earned income?
  4. Tax forms 
  5. Tax advice 

Contribution limits 

The IRS determines contribution limits each year which determine how much money you can contribute to your IRA that year. Limits vary by type of IRA and include deposits made into IRAs at different brokerages. Contributions are deposits that you make into your IRA and don’t include rollovers or dividends.  

 

Traditional and Roth IRA

The IRS determines how much money you can contribute to your IRA each year. Contributions are deposits that you make into your IRA and don’t include rollovers or dividends. 

The contribution limits that the IRS sets is your total limit across all your IRAs. Total contributions between all Traditional and Roth IRAs can’t exceed these contribution limits.  

For example, if you have a Traditional IRA and a Roth IRA, you cannot exceed the $6,000 or $7,000 contribution limits (depending on age) between both IRAs.   

The 2021 and 2022 contribution limits for Traditional and Roth IRAs are:   

Age  Contribution limit 
Up to age 50  The lesser of $6,000 or your earned income.
Age 50 or over  The lesser of $7,000 or your earned income.

Total contributions between all traditional and Roth IRAs can’t exceed these contribution limits.  

For example, if you have a traditional IRA and a Roth IRA, you cannot exceed the $6,000 or $7,000 contribution limits (depending on age) between both IRAs.  

 

Spousal IRAs

If you don’t have earned income but you file your taxes jointly with your spouse, you may be eligible to contribute to your IRA depending on your spouse’s earned income. Please refer to this article for additional IRS guidance. 

M1 does not offer “Spousal IRA” as an account type. An IRA account must be created under the account owner’s name and SSN. Spouses utilizing the IRS Spousal IRA allowance will each need to create their own M1 profiles and open their own traditional or Roth IRA to make contributions. 

 

SEP IRAs

SEP IRA contributions are different than other IRA contributions as they are not eligible for contribution year changes.  SEP contributions are designated as a contribution for the calendar year in which they are made.  

For example, M1 will report SEP IRA contributions made in 2021 as 2021 contributions and contributions made in 2022 as 2022 contributions. 

The contribution limits for SEP IRAs are: 

Year  Contribution Limit 
2022 The lesser of $61,000 or 25% of your compensation.
2021 The lesser of $58,000 or 25% of your compensation.

 

Contribution deadline/window 

You have until the tax filing deadline to make IRA contributions for the given tax year. This provides you with additional time to make the maximum amount of contributions to a given tax year.  

For example, you have until the 2021 tax filing deadline to make 2021 IRA contributions.  

If you want to make a contribution for 2021 between January 1 and the tax filing deadline, you can select ‘Prior Year’ when making your deposit. 

From January 1 to the tax deadline (typically April 15), M1 offers the option to choose “Prior Year” or “Current Year” when making a contribution. This allows you to max out your contributions for the previous tax year.  

  

What is earned income? 

Qualified earned income for a Roth IRA includes:  

  • Wages 
  • Salary 
  • Tips 
  • Self-employment income 
  • Union strike benefits 
  • Long-term disability payments received prior to retirement age 

Examples of income that don’t count as qualified earned income include: 

  • Social security payments 
  • Unemployment benefits 
  • Rental property income 
  • Alimony and child support payments 

If you have no earned income and contribution to your IRA, you may be subject to a 6% IRS penalty due to making an excess contribution. The penalty tax will be applied each year that the excess contribution remains in your IRA. 

Please note that qualified earned income types are subject to change based on IRS guidance. If you have questions about your income qualification, we recommend contacting a tax professional. 

 

Tax forms 

Depending on actions taken within your IRA, you may receive Form 1099-R or Form 5498. A 1099-R is used to report withdrawals taken out of an IRA and a 5498 is used to report a contribution into an IRA.  

We expect 1099-Rs to be available for viewing in the beginning of February, and 5498s to be available for viewing in early June.  

If you’re not sure which tax forms to expect after an IRA conversion, recharacterization, or contribution year change, you can find additional information in the articles below.  

Click here for more information on where to locate your tax documents. 

 

M1 and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal, or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, and accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction.  

 

If you have further questions, please contact us.

 

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